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Netscape Tips

In search of a site Visited Site History
Lost in Frames JavaScript Calculations
404 Not Found Connection Reset by Peer
Power Reload Accessing Bookmarks
About:(Stuff) Clear Your Cache
Clearing Your History Change the default homepage
Transferring Bookmarks and Address Book Zip code search
Adjust your font size JavaScript Trouble
Keyboard commands Open Netscapes address book
Password Security in Netscape 6  


Use the Information below at your own risk.  See "Terms of Use"

In search of a site

You know there's a certain bookmark in your Bookmarks file, but you can't figure out which one it is by the cryptic names? Select Bookmarks, Edit Bookmarks, press Ctrl+F (for Find), type what you're looking for and press Enter. The pointer will jump to the first bookmark that contains that text.


Visited Site History

To view a history of the sites you've visited, type: About:Global in Netscape's Location field (the same place you type in a URL to visit a Web Site).


Lost in Frames

When you're in a page divided into frames, it's hard to tell the URL of the active frame. What normally shows is the Location field is the address of the "menu" pane. To find out where you've ended up in your travels through frames, right-click the frame you're curious about and select Frame Info. There you'll see the URL. If you copy it and paste it back into the Location field, the same site will appear without frames.


JavaScript Calculations

One useful aspect of JavaScript functions is that you can run them right from the Navigator by entering them in the Location field. Want to do some quick math for example, but don't want to break out the calculator? Enter


in the Location box, then press Enter. A page that says "8" immediately appears. Of course you can substitute any calculation you want in the "eval" statement, so go ahead and add it up with JavaScript.


404 Not Found

If you are seeing the error message "404 Not Found" often. This usually indicates that a URL does not exist--meaning that either it really doesn't exist or you typed it wrong in the location box. Another explanation, however, is that you may have your memory and disk caches set too low. To raise the disk cache limit, select Options> Preferences, then click the Cache tab. Raise the cache gradually in increments of 1000 to find out which setting works best.


Connection Reset by Peer

If you're at a Web site and see the error message "Connection reset by peer," chances are that the remote host has reset your connection. You can usually click Reload to get back on track and bring up the URL normally.


Power Reload

By pressing the Reload button, this will refresh the current page viewed making available that Web Sites latest data. But sometimes, you don't get a very quick response. If this is the case, speed up your reload by holding down the Shift key as you click Reload. This should accelerate things.


Accessing Bookmarks

When you want to quickly access your bookmarks for editing, simply press CTRL-B from anywhere in Netscape Navigator. The Bookmarks window opens right up.



Netscape Navigator has tons of hidden tricks and some pretty useful information when using the "About:" command. An example of useful information is the about:cache command letting you see the inside scoop on your disk cache. 


Clear Your Cache

To speed the downloading of Web pages, your browser stores copies of recently accessed pages in the cache.

When you click on the 'Back' or 'Forward' buttons in Communicator, pages are retrieved from your machine's cache. This means your computer doesn't have to retrieve the page from the Internet each time you view it.

To ensure your computer runs smoothly, you will need to clear these pages from the cache regularly.

1. From the Edit menu, click on Preferences.

2. Open the Advanced category and select Cache.

3. Click on the Clear Memory Cache and Clear Disk Cache buttons and press OK.


Clearing Your History

Your Browser maintains a History list to keep track of all the Web pages you have visited recently.

1. Open the Edit menu and click on Preferences

2. Highlight Navigator in the list of categories on the left

3. In the 'History' panel on the right, click on the Clear History button

Alternatively, to set a limit for the number of days that pages are saved in your History, enter a figure in 'Pages in history expire after ___ days'.

Note: Clearing the history does not clear the Location Bar in Netscape Communicator. Click on the Clear Location Bar button to do this.


Change the default homepage?

To change the default Web page where Netscape opens to:

1. Open the Edit menu and click on Preferences

2. Highlight Navigator in the 'Categories' panel on the left

3. Select Home page radio button under the Navigator starts with [Netscape 4] or When Navigators starts up, Display [Netscape 6] menu.

4. Type the URL of the page you wish to start with in the Location field (don't forget the http://)



Transferring Bookmarks and Address Book

[Bookmarks] If you want to transfer your bookmarks from one computer to another, Here's how:  You will find your Bookmarks stored in a file called bookmark.htm in your user folder on the hard drive. The default path is c:\program files\netscape\users\your name (insert your own name for the last component). Copy this file to a floppy disk and transfer it to your other computer, making sure to place it in the proper folder there.

[Address Book] You will find your address book file, usually called pab.na2 (pab stands for Personal Address Book), located in the same folder as your Bookmarks. Remember that the address book might be too large to fit on a standard floppy. If this is the case, you can e-mail it to yourself as an attachment and download it onto your second computer, or copy it to some other, large-capacity removable media you have on your system, such as a CD-RW or Zip drive. 


Zip code search

You can quickly find out what's going on in your town by typing the word 'zip' followed by your zip code in the URL location bar. However, this does not work for all zip codes and will sometimes route to the largest neighboring city.[Top]

Adjust your font size

If the web page text you are viewing is to small you can adjust the font by pressing Command-Shift-]. Command-Shift-[ makes it smaller again. You can do this repeatedly, going up one size increment each time. The increments are small, so you may need to perform the keystrokes several times before you notice a difference.


JavaScript Trouble

If you are getting errors in your JavaScript, Netscape can help you to determine where the problem may lie. Simply type JavaScript: into the Navigator address bar and press Enter. A JavaScript window will appear, displaying a
list of errors encountered and the line number of the error(s). If you open your HTML file and count the lines of
text from the top, you'll locate the probable cause of the error. Of course, the reported line may not be the cause of
your problem, but it should lead you to it.


Keyboard Commands

Keyboard shortcuts for mouse actions and menu items. These may differ a bit depending on platform and version. Keep in mind that Netscape browsers change fast through the development lifecycle, so this information may well be out of date.

Basic Short Cut Keys

  • Down Arrow: Scroll down one line.
  • Up Arrow: Scroll up one line.
  • Right Arrow: Scroll right one column.
  • Left Arrow: Scroll left one column.
  • Spacebar: Scroll down one page.
  • Delete or Backspace: Scroll up one page.
  • PageDown: Scroll down one page.
  • PageUp: Scroll up one page.
  • Esc: Stop loading current page.

Alt (and a couple of other) Short Cut Keys

These hot keys are a combination of holding down the Alt (or Shift or Control if required) key plus another key or mouse button. On some computers (most notably some Sparcs) use the Meta key instead of the Alt key.

  • Alt + Left Arrow: Back one page.
  • Alt + Right Arrow: Forward one page.
  • Alt + Up Arrow: Previous message. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Alt + Down Arrow: Next message. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Alt + [1-9]: Load recently visited pages.
  • Alt + A: Add current page to bookmark list.
  • Alt + A: Select all. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Alt + B: View and edit bookmarks.
  • Alt + C: Copy selection to clipboard.
  • Alt + D: Delete message. (Netscape Mail)
  • Alt + E: Redo - opposite of undo.
  • Alt + F: Find. Bring up the find dialog box.
  • Alt + G: Find again.
  • Alt + H: View history.
  • Alt + H: Send messages in out box. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Alt + I: Load images.
  • Alt + K: Compress this folder. (Netscape Mail)
  • Alt + L: Open location dialog box.
  • Alt + L: Forward. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Alt + M: Mail document.
  • Alt + N: New web browser.
  • Alt + O: Open file dialog box.
  • Alt + P: Print current page dialog box.
  • Alt + Q: Exit the browser.
  • Alt + R: Reload current page.
  • Alt + R: Reply. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Alt + S: Save as dialog box.
  • Alt + T: Get new mail. (Netscape Mail)
  • Alt + V: Paste clipboard.
  • Alt + W: Close window.
  • Alt + X: Cut selection to clipboard.
  • Alt + Y: Paste selection
  • Alt + Z: Undo last edit.
  • Alt + Shift + Up Arrow: Previous unread. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Alt + Shift + Down Arrow: Next unred. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Alt + Shift + A: Select thread. (Netscape News)
  • Alt + Shift + D: Forward quoted. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Cntrl + Shift + Up Arrow: Previous flagged. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Cntrl + Shift + Down Arrow: Next flagged. (Netscape News and Mail)
  • Shift + Left Click the Reload button: Should, in theory, reload the page and any Java applets.
  • Shift + Left Click on a link: Save contents of the link to disk.


Open Netscape's address book

If you would like to access the Address Book without opening your browser first, create a command line switch. Here's how:
  1. Right click anywhere on your desktop
  2. Select New > Shortcut. Browse to locate Netscape.exe.
  3. At the end of the command line (beyond the quotation marks) include as a switch "-address"(without the quotes). 

Note: Make certain you include the dash (hyphen), 

  1. Name the new shortcut, and select Finish. 


Password Security in Netscape 6

When you share a computer with others, you'll probably want to make sure that the other users can't access the passwords that you've used in Netscape 6. To eliminate this possible security problem, run Netscape and choose Edit|Preferences. When the Preference dialog box opens, click Privacy & Security in the "Category" list. In the right pane of the dialog box, deselect the check box
labeled "Remember passwords for sites that require me to log in."

You should now set up a master password if you haven't already. To do this, click "Master Passwords" under "Category" and click Change Password. When you finish, click OK to close the dialog box and save your settings.


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